The relationship between technology and activism was always a story of collaboration and conflict at the same time. On one hand, technology has proven to be a powerful tool for activists, allowing them to reach larger audiences, amplify their voices, and coordinate their efforts more efficiently. However, on the flip side, it has also been misused to censor, and monitor activists.

Let’s take a trip in time and explore the fascinating journey of technology and activism, starting with the emergence of hacktivism in the 1990s. Hacktivism involved using digital platforms to hack and disrupt in pursuit of political or social objectives.

The brave hacktivists worked under pseudonyms or anonymously, aiming to expose corruption within governments and corporations, champion free speech, and support social justice causes. Groups like Anonymous and Electronic Disturbance Theater were among the early pioneers in this realm.

In contrast, there’s another approach known as civic tech. This involves using technology to foster civic engagement, promote transparency, and ensure accountability. One of the trailblazers in this area was the Sunlight Foundation, established in 2006, which aimed to leverage technology to make governments more transparent and accountable. Various other examples of civic tech include platforms like for online petitions, Datawrapper for data visualization, and Ushahidi for digital mapping initiatives.

Civic tech has gained popularity in recent years, becoming a powerful means to address complex social issues and actively involve citizens in the democratic process. For example, during the COVID-19 pandemic, civic tech tools like the COVID Tracking Project and the COVID Alert apps were developed to monitor the virus’s spread and inform public health policies.

However, it’s not all smooth sailing with civic tech. It comes with its own set of challenges, one of which is ensuring that it remains accessible to all citizens, regardless of their technical expertise or available resources and tech capabilities. We need to be mindful that technical barriers don’t exclude certain individuals or communities from benefiting from these advancements. Moreover, we must be cautious about the potential co-optation of civic tech by powerful entities like some governments or corporations, who could use it to maintain their control or push their own agendas. To safeguard against such risks, we must always prioritize transparency, accountability, and user empowerment in all civic tech projects.

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